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Fertility FAQs in San Diego, CA

Fertility Institute of San Diego Answers Fertility FAQs


The Fertility Institute of San Diego offers comprehensive treatment for infertility under one roof. Our boutique fertility clinic is led by a nationally recognized specialist in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (REI), Dr. Minoos Hosseinzadeh. We treat you like family as we find the best fertility treatments that fit your specific needs. Our team combines cutting-edge Western medicine with Eastern alternatives, like acupuncture for success. We understand many people have questions about fertility problems and treatment in San Diego and La Jolla, CA. We’re here to walk you through each step of the process and answer and questions or concerns along the way. Contact us today.

What is fertility treatment?

If you’re having trouble with infertility and cannot get pregnant, fertility treatments help increase your chances of having a baby.

How will doctors know if a woman and her partner have fertility problems?

We work tirelessly to find the cause of infertility in couples. We begin testing men for fertility issues by testing their semen. We’ll examine the number, movement, and shape of the sperm. We test women by tracking ovulation and taking an ultrasound of their ovaries. If these tactics do not give us answers, we perform common fertility tests that include: 

  • Ovarian Reserve Evaluation – Between the second and fifth day of your menstrual cycle, we’ll perform a blood test to determine your ovarian reserve quality from FSH hormones, estrogen level, and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). We will perform a transvaginal pelvic ultrasound on the third day of your menstrual cycle to determine your antral follicle count (AFC).
  • Saline Infusion Sonohysterography (SIS) – SIS involves inserting a small volume of saline into the uterus to give us a clear view of the uterine lining.
  • Hysterosalpingography – We inject a special dye into the uterus that allows us to monitor its movement. If the dye moves abnormally from the uterus into fallopian tubes, a blockage often prevents an egg from successfully traveling to the uterus.

What are the different types of fertility treatments?

We offer many different types of fertility treatments that we customize to your needs. Our types of fertility treatments include:

  • Ovulation Induction – Ovulation induction medications, or fertility drugs, boost the development and growth of eggs. We’ll determine the best fertility drug treatment for your specific needs.

Who does infertility affect?

Infertility affects about 50% of women and 40% of men. It is a very common issue. Over seven million Americans are affected by infertility.

How long can eggs, embryos, and ovarian tissue be frozen?

There is no specific timeframe for freezing eggs, embryos, and ovarian tissue. 

When should I consider seeking fertility services?

If you’ve tried to get pregnant for over one year, it’s time to think about fertility testing. We will test earlier in some instances, including if you’re over 35, have medical issues that may affect fertility, or are attempting to get pregnant through artificial insemination.

What causes infertility in women?

The most common cause of infertility in women is a problem with ovulation because there are no eggs available for fertilization. Other causes of infertility in women include:

  • Blocked fallopian tubes 
  • Uterus problems
  • Uterine fibroids

What causes infertility in men?

The most common causes of infertility in men include:

  • Issues with the sperm’s ability to reach the egg for fertilization
  • Problems creating sperm or producing a low amount of sperm
  • Abnormal sperm shape 

What is ICSI for male factor infertility?

An intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) involves injecting a single sperm into an egg to boost conception. If a man has no sperm, there are some cases where Dr. Hosseinzadeh and a reproductive urologist work together to attempt to retrieve sperm from the testicles.  

What increases a woman’s risk of infertility?

The most important factors that can affect a woman’s risk of infertility include: 

  • Being overweight or underweight
  • Smoking
  • Age
  • Alcohol
  • Stress
  • Diet
  • Extreme athletic training
  • Sexually transmitted diseases 

Do diseases or treatments lead to infertility?

Yes, many diseases and treatments can lead to infertility. Patients undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis have a greater chance of experiencing premature ovarian failure. Diabetes and obesity may also contribute to infertility. 

How long do fertility treatments take?

An intrauterine insemination (IUI) process takes approximately two weeks. During treatment, we stimulate your ovaries to produce follicles that lead to ovulation so we can perform the insemination. In vitro fertilization (IVF) lasts four to six weeks before egg retrieval. We transfer embryos three to five days after egg retrieval.

Does insurance cover infertility care?

Some insurance plans in California offer coverage for fertility treatments. Contact your insurance carrier if you are unsure if they cover fertility treatment. If they do not cover fertility treatment, we will work with you to find an affordable treatment option.

What is Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT)?

PGT is innovative genetic testing of embryos that allows us to screen embryos for genetic diseases before implantation. This decreases the odds of finding chromosomal abnormalities during pregnancy. We can only perform PGT on IVF patients.

What are my fertility preservation options before chemotherapy?

The best option to preserve fertility before chemotherapy is egg freezing. This process allows a woman the ability to preserve healthy eggs that we freeze and store. We can later extract the eggs and impregnate them with sperm.

What types of fertility medications do you offer?

We prescribe fertility medications that match your treatment protocol, including:

  • Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
  • Progesterone and Estradiol
  • GnRH Agonists
  • Clomiphene Citrate
  • Letrozole
  • Gonadotropins
  • GnRH Antagonists

If I am in menopause, can I carry a baby?

Yes, you can carry a baby if you are in menopause. A woman in menopause cannot get pregnant naturally but can use frozen eggs, embryos, or ovarian tissue. 

What state-of-the-art technology do you offer?

We spare no expense to provide the best fertility care in the area. Our San Diego fertility clinic was the first program in the county to have a high-tech ultrasound machine and the most comprehensive electronic medical records for our patients. We were the first fertility clinic in the United States to offer the most technologically advanced laminar flow hood. 

Do you serve the LGBT community, single parents, and older parents?

Yes! We welcome all members of the LGBT community, including single and gay men, lesbian female couples, and transgender men and women. We welcome single parents and parents of all ages. As long as you’re ready to welcome a new baby into your life, we welcome you into our family.

What does it mean to be an SREI Member?

We are members of the Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (SREI). This organization of physicians is strictly limited to physicians who have been certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG) to provide excellence in reproductive health. Through education, patient care, and research, we work together to provide the highest level of success. 

Contact Fertility Institute of San Diego

We treat each patient as one of our own family members with individualized care. We understand fertility treatments can be an emotional and complicated process. Dr. Hosseinzadeh and her team are here for you. We invite you to reach out to us if you have any questions. Schedule a free consultation today.


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We welcome the opportunity to answer any questions you may have about your fertility treatment. Here at Fertility Institute of San Diego, you will be treated with compassion and care.

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